7 continents of the world: The Earth consists of 71% and 29% landmasses. These landmasses are further divided into continents. These are Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Oceania and Antarctica.
Let’s take a look at each of these continents and their countries.
It is the largest continent in the world both in terms of area and population. It comprises 48 nations and 60% of the world’s population.
Covering an area of 44,579,000 km2, the continent borders the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Indian Ocean to the south and Europe to the west. The Ural Mountains separate it from Europe and the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea separate it from Africa.
The continent is home to the highest mountain ranges in the world, two most populous countries, among other superlatives.
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It is the second largest continent in the world after Asia, both by area and population. It includes 54 countries and more than 16% of the world’s population.
The continent covers an area of 30,370,000 km². and is bounded to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the north by the Mediterranean Sea, to the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and to the south by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
All three latitudes – the Equator, the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn cross Africa.
3- North America
It is the third largest continent on Earth in terms of area and the fourth largest in terms of population. It includes 23 nations and is located entirely in the northern hemisphere.
The continent covers 24,709,000 km². and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and South America to the south.
A very narrow strip Isthmus of Panama connects it to South America and the Bering Strait separates it from Asia.
4- South America
It is the fourth largest continent and the fifth most populous in the world. It consists of 12 nations and is mostly located in the southern hemisphere while a small portion of the continent is in the western hemisphere.
Spread over an area of 17,840,000, the continent is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Southern Ocean to the south, and North America to the north.
The continent is home to the Amazon rainforest, the lungs of the Earth.
It is the fifth largest continent on Earth with no country or permanent human habitation. However, the continent has permanent human settlements where scientists and support staff take turns living.
Covering an area of 14,200,000 km2. the continent is completely surrounded by the Southern Ocean.
It is the sixth largest continent in the world and the third most populous in the world. Europe and Asia are sometimes referred to as Eurasia because they are physically connected but are considered separate continents due to linguistic and cultural differences. Europe includes 48 countries.
The continent is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Caspian Sea to the southeast, and the Mediterranean and Black Seas to the south. The Ural and Caucasus mountains form the eastern border of Europe.
Australia is the smallest continent in the world and the flattest and second driest after Antarctica. It is also the second least populated after Antarctica. It includes 14 countries.
Covering 8,525,989 km2, the region is also referred to as Oceania to differentiate it from a country of the same name. The place is a living laboratory. Indeed, when the continent began to separate from Antarctica around 60 million years ago, it was carrying animals that developed into creatures unique to the region.
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